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Adolf Joffe

Adolf Joffe

Adolf Abrámovich Joffe nació en Simferópol (Crimea), el 22 de octubre de 1883 y falleció en Moscú, el 16 de noviembre de 1927. Participó activamente en la revolución de 1905 en Crimea. En Rusia se alineó con la fracción menchevique del partido pero, tras trasladarse a Viena en mayo de 1908 como estudiante,​ se acercó a la postura de Trotski y le ayudó a editar Pravda mientras estudiaba medicina y psicoanálisis. En 1917, liberado de su exilio interior en Siberia tras la Revolución de febrero,​ volvió a Crimea. En mayo, se afilió junto a Trotsky a la corriente intermedia de los mezhraiontsy que se fusionó con los bolcheviques en el VI Congreso de este partido. Allí fue elegido como miembro del Comité Central​. Encabezó​ la primera delegación soviética en las negociaciones de paz con Alemania del Tratado de Brest-Litovsk y otras negociaciones posteriores. Ya a finales de 1927, se encontraba gravemente enfermo y postrados. Se rechazó su solicitud de traslado al extranjero para recibir tratamiento médico. Joffe se suicidó el 16 de noviembre, poco después de la expulsión del partido de Trotski y toda la Oposición. Dejó una carta de despedida a Trotski en la que indicaba que su muerte era una forma de protestar​ por la expulsión del partido de aquel y de Grigori Zinóviev.​ Fue confiscada por la policía secreta y utilizada posteriormente por los partidarios de Stalin para desacreditar a los dos. El discurso de Trotski durante su funeral -al que asistieron unas 4000 personas-​ fue el último que dio en público en la Unión Soviética y la última​ reunión pública de la Oposición de Izquierdas.​ La hija de Joffe, Nadezhda, partidaria activa de Trotski, sobrevivió a las prisiones estalinistas y a los campos de trabajo y publicó unas memorias: Regreso al pasado: mi vida, mi destino y mi época.

Carta a Trotsky
Carta a Trotsky

16 de noviembre de 1927




Oposición de Izquierda

  • Adolf Joffe
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  • Bilbao, Esteban
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  • Breton, André
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  • Brust, Joachim
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  • Burnham, James
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  • Cannon, James
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  • Comité Ejecutivo de la Izquierda Comunista Española
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  • Cornell, Charles
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  • Deutscher, Isaac
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  • Dobbs, Farrell
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  • Espinoza, Enrique
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  • Farrell, James T.
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  • Fernández, Octavio
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  • Fossa, Mateo
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  • García Treviño, Rodrigo
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  • Goonewardene, Leslie
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  • Hansen, Joseph
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  • Held, Walter
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  • Hic, Marcel
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  • Izquierda Comunista Española
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  • James, C.L. R.
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  • Justo, Liborio
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  • Klement, Rudolf
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  • Lacroix, Henri
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  • León, Abraham
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  • Liga Comunista Internacionalista (Brasil)
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  • Lu Sanh Hanh
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  • Mangan, Sherry
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  • Mariner, Roberto
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  • Milesi, Pedro
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  • Molinier, Raymond
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  • Naville, Pierre
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  • Nin, Andrés
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  • Novack, George
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  • Peng Pi Lan
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  • Peng Shu-Tsé
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  • Pivert, Marceau
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  • Prager, Rodolphe
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  • Preobrazhensky, Evgeny
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  • Radek, Karl
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  • Rakovsky, Christian
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  • Rivera, Diego
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  • Rous, Jean
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  • Sedov, León
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  • Serge, Victor
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  • Shachtman, Max
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  • Sosnovsky, Lev
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  • Spector, Maurice
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  • Stanley, Sherman
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  • Ta Thu Thau
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